Correlations Between the Antichrist and the Islamic Mahdi PT3
COMPARISON 2: HEAD OF ONE WORLD RELIGION
The Antichrist as the head of a one world religion.
Although the Bible does not go into the specific doctrinal descriptions of what the Antichrist’s religion will entail, the Judeo-Christian prophecies make it clear the Antichrist will be the ultimate authority for a false one world religion during the end times.
Men worshiped the dragon because he had given authority to the beast, and they also worshiped the beast and asked, “Who is like the beast? Who can make war against him?”
All inhabitants of the earth will worship the beast…
The false prophet forces the inhabitants of the world to follow the religious authority of the Antichrist (we’ll explore this more in detail during the Isa parallels in part 2):
Then I saw another beast coming out of the earth. He had two horns like a lamb, but he spoke like a dragon. He exercised all the authority of the first beast on his behalf, and made the earth and its inhabitants worship the first beast… He ordered them to set up an image in honor of the beast who was wounded by the sword and yet lived. He was given power to give breath to the image of the first beast, so that it could speak and cause all who refused to worship the image to be killed.
But the beast was captured, and with him the false prophet who had performed the miraculous signs on his behalf. With these signs he had deluded those who had received the mark of the beast and worshiped his image.
So we can see the Antichrist, with full support of a secondary figure, will be the head of a religion. Not to mention the Antichrist will display unmitigated gall by exalting himself above all other religions and deities (we will go over this in more detail later as well):
The king will do as he pleases. He will exalt and magnify himself above every god and will say unheard-of things against the God of gods. He will be successful until the time of wrath is completed, for what has been determined must take place.
The Mahdi as the head of a one world religion.
What the Mahdi’s religion will be is not open to speculation. It will clearly be the religion of Islam. Furthermore, the Mahdi will set up Islam as the only legal religion just like the Antichrist will only legalize his future religion.
The readers must also note that the very title and position of the Mahdi such as Imam Mahdi and the final Caliph of Islam denotes religious leadership as well as political:
a successor of Muhammad as temporal and spiritual head of Islam used as a title
We also see evidence in the Islamic prophetic studies of the Mahdi’s one world religious rule:
[The Mahdi] will govern the people by the Sunnah of their Prophet and establish Islam on Earth… And Islam will be victorious over all of the religions.
-Sunan Abu Dawud, Book 36, Number 4273, Al-Sadr and Mutahhari.
Similar to the Antichrist, the Mahdi will also demand allegiance from the population:
People will pay allegiance to the Mahdi between rukn and maqam.
-Ibn Tawus, Kitab al-malahim wa al-fitan, P. 64.
As we see above, they will both be the ultimate leader and authority on their respective future religions.
COMPARISONS 3 & 4: SEVEN YEAR RULE & PEACE TREATY
The two following comparisons between a seven year rule and a seven year peace treaty will be combined in this single post due to their close relation to each other.
The Seven Year Rule And Treaty of the Antichrist.
The Antichrist is prophesied in the Bible to confirm a seven year peace treaty between Israel and the nations. The word ‘many’ in the following massage is interpreted by the majority of prophecy scholars to denote the gentile world:
He will confirm a covenant with many for one seven. In the middle of the seven he will put an end to sacrifice and offering. And on a wing of the temple he will set up an abomination that causes desolation, until the end that is decreed is poured out on him.
The above as well as some cross-referenced passages give us a clue as to how long the Antichrist will be in power. We know he is in power for a minimal of seven years due to the length of the treaty, it being said he breaks treaty in the middle of the seven years, and that he will remain in power for the duration of the second half of the seven years:
From the time that the daily sacrifice is abolished and the abomination that causes desolation is set up, there will be 1,290 days.
Biblical or prophetic years according to the Bible consist of 360 days a year instead of our 365.25 solar year calender. The above passages in Daniel reveal the Antichrist will confirm a seven year treaty, break this treaty in the middle of the seven years, then continue his reign for slightly over 3 1/2 years. Therefore we see he will not only confirm a seven year treaty but he will also remain in power for the duration of the seven year period with approximately 30 excess days.
It must be noted that seven years is the minimal amount of time the Antichrist reign. It would stand to reason he would be on the scene or have some amount of power prior to his official seven year reign if he has the authority to implement a treaty between nations. However, his official reign will last approximately seven years while his ultimate reign as sole world leader will last for 3 1/2 years.
The Seven Year Rule And Treaty of the Mahdi.
The Mahdi is also said to confirm a seven year peace treaty with Israel:
The Prophet said: There will be four peace agreements between you and the Romans. The fourth will be mediated through a person who will be from the progeny of Hadrat Aaron (Honoralbe Aaron, the brother of Moses) and will be upheld for seven years…
Like the term ‘many’ in the above biblical passages, the term ‘Romans’ refers to the gentile, specifically, the western world and civilization. Also similar to the Antichrist prophecy where the Antichrist ‘confirms’ the treaty, the Mahdi is said to ‘uphold’ a treaty. Finally, like the Antichrist, the treaty will be made with Israel (through a descendant of Aaron).
In both cases we see a treaty being confirmed by the end times ruler lasting for seven years between the Gentile world and the Jews.
We also see the Mahdi will rule for a minimum of seven years just like the Antichrist:
He will fill the earth with justice as it is filled with injustice and tyranny. He will rule for seven years.
-Abu Dawud, Sahih, Vol. 2, p. 208; Fusul al-muhimma, p. 275
The earth will be filled with injustice and corruption. At that time, a man from among my progeny will rise and will rule for seven [some translations state ‘nine’] and will fill the earth with justice and equity.
-Ahmad b. Hanbal, Musnad, Vol. 3, P. 27
Although translations of the Hadith sometimes differ regarding the length of the rule, the majority of Islamic eschatology scholars agree the length of the Mahdi’s rule will be seven years. The discrepancy is very similar to the dispute in Christianity whereas some believe the Antichrist will only rule for 3 1/2 years although the majority of prophecy scholars believe it will be 7 years.
Therefore, we see the majority of interpretations in both Islam and Judeo-Christianity predict a minimal seven year reign and all three Abrahamic faiths predict a seven year treaty confirmed by a world ruler.
RESEARCH: FROM BABYLON TO MECCA
So he carried me away in the spirit into the wilderness: and I saw a woman sit upon a scarlet coloured beast, full of names of blasphemy, having seven heads and ten horns. And the woman was arrayed in purple and scarlet colour, and decked with gold and precious stones and pearls, having a golden cup in her hand full of abominations and filthiness of her fornication: And upon her forehead was a name written, MYSTERY, BABYLON THE GREAT, THE MOTHER OF HARLOTS AND ABOMINATIONS OF THE EARTH. And I saw the woman drunken with the blood of the saints, and with the blood of the martyrs of Jesus: and when I saw her, I wondered with great admiration.” (Re 17:3-6)
Part 1: Noah to Abraham
In my discussion of dispensationalism, recall that the third period was “Human government, the covenant with Noah,” After the flood one of the first things Noah did was to build an altar and offer sacrifice to God. This marked a new revelation of access to God. Unfortunately early on there was a rather tawdry incident centered around his son Ham that reveals that the curse of sin was still at work. This marks the origin of the Satanic counter attack of this new covenant and access to God.
Genesis chapter 10 is a long list of the descendants of Noah. Verses 6 through eight delineate the cursed line of Ham.
“The sons of Ham were Cush, Mizraim, Put, and Canaan. The sons of Cush were Seba, Havilah, Sabtah, Raamah, and Sabtechah; and the sons of Raamah were Sheba and Dedan. Cush begot Nimrod; he began to be a mighty one on the earth.” (Ge 10:6-8)
Ham means “the sunburned one”; Cush means “the blackened one” yet this has little to do with their external physical countenance. It has to do with their spiritual condition. It is from this line of darkness that the very first world leader Nimrod has his origin. He is the first biblical type of the Antichrist. Now in verses 10-12 the establishment of his kingdom is laid out for us.
“And the beginning of his kingdom was Babel, Erech, Accad, and Calneh, in the land of Shinar. From that land he went to Assyria and built Nineveh, Rehoboth Ir, Calah, and Resen between Nineveh and Calah (that is the principal city).” (Ge 10:10-12)
Notice “the beginning of his kingdom was Babel”. Babel means the “gate of God”. However recall that the way to God was already established through sacrifice as marked by the altar sacrifice of Noah. Chapter 11 of genesis goes on to describe how these apostates established this new alternative religious system and new society.
“And they said, “Come, let us build ourselves a city, and a tower whose top is in the heavens; let us make a name for ourselves, lest we be scattered abroad over the face of the whole earth.”” (Ge 11:4)
This tower was the symbol of the new way of access to God. Archaeological evidence indicates that this was a spectacular pyramid-shaped structure or ziggurat. Nimrod married a woman named Semiramis. Semiramis became the high priestess of the first organized counterfeit religion. This is the first “beast system” or satanic imitation subjugated upon mankind. When Nimrod eventually died, queen Semarinus deified him as the Sun-god. As the Babylonian mystery religion continued on in various cultures, he later became known as Baal, the Great Life Giver, the god of fire, Baalim, Bel, and Molech among others.
Babel was the origin of an idolatrous system that tainted the entire world. The prophet Jeremiah wrote of her, “Babylon… the nations drank her wine; Therefore the nations are deranged” (Jer 51:7) A dreadful counterfeit religion developed with its sun and moon worship, priests and temple prostitution, astrology, demonic worship, worship of stars associated with their gods, idolatry, mysterious rites, ritual sex magic, and human sacrifice. The ancient Greek historian Herodotus witnessed the mystery religion and its rites in numerous countries and mentions how Babylon was the primeval source from which all systems of idolatry flowed (Rawlinson). Just as Nimrod was deified as the god of the sun and father of creation, Queen Semiramis became the goddess of the moon, fertility, and the Queen of heaven.
Christian Köhler, Semiramis, 1852, Oil on canvas
Later, when this adulterous and idolatrous woman gave birth to an illegitimate son, she claimed that this son, Tammuz by name, was Nimrod reborn. Semiramis claimed that her son was supernaturally conceived and that he was the promised seed, the ‘savior’. [ promised by God in Genesis 3:15] However, not only was the child worshipped, but the woman, the mother, was also worshiped as much than the son!” (Woodrow)
COMPARISON 5: THE RIDER ON A WHITE HORSE
This similarity, in my opinion, is a very startling comparison because the same passage in the Bible describing the future Antichrist as a rider on a white horse is also claimed by Muslim scholars to actually be the Biblical passage that describes the future Mahdi. Islamic scholars specifically point to this this prophecy of the Antichrist as Biblical evidence foretelling the coming of their Mahdi. Ultimately, they are claiming the Antichrist of Christianity is the Mahdi of Islam.
The Antichrist as the White Horseman.
I looked and there before me was a white horse! Its rider held a bow, and he was given a crown, and he rode out as a conqueror bent on conquest.
This passage is taken from the infamous four horseman of the Apocalypse prophecy of Revelation 6. Here is an excerpt from one of my favorite commentaries on this subject explaining how the white horseman is the Antichrist. Furthermore, the symbolism displays possible descent from Mohammad, of the line of Ishmael, the ancestor of the prophesied Mahdi according to Islam:
Liberal scholars often identify the rider of the white horse as the Lord Jesus, pointing to his crown and the fact that he’s a conqueror… [but] this rider is most definitely not Jesus. He’s the anti-Christ.
In the first place he carries a bow. The Lord’s weapon of choice is a sword. The reason he has no arrows is that he won’t use force to make his initial impact on Earth. He comes as a peacemaker (Daniel 8:25). Since the Book of Revelation is filled with symbolism explained elsewhere in the Bible, I looked for the first mention of a man with a bow, hoping to get an additional clue to this rider’s identity. I found it in Genesis 21:20, referring to Ishmael.
Now with the connection between the Bible’s first archer and the man with a bow in Rev. 6, another piece of the puzzle may have fallen into place. Mohammed was descended from Kedar, second son of Ishmael, and Al Mahdi is the 12th Iman descended from Mohammed.
In the second place this guy’s wearing the wrong kind of crown. The Greek word for a King’s crown is diadem. But this one wears a stephanos, or victor’s crown. It was the award given to winners in the ancient Olympics and other public games. It was typically an ivy wreath, and in fact the word stephanos comes from a root meaning wreath. It identifies the wearer as a conqueror, but not as royalty. And in Revelation 13 where the Great Tribulation begins, we’re told that He was given power to make war against the saints and to conquer them. And he was given authority over every tribe, people, language and nation. (Rev. 13:7) Why would Jesus make war with the tribulation saints to conquer them? Like I said, while he fools people into thinking he’s the Christ, he’s really the anti-Christ.
We can clearly see the white rider is the Antichrist. Now let’s turn out attention to the Islamic prophecy scholars that claim this same white rider (The Antichrist of Christianity) will be their Messiah, Al Mahdi.
The Mahdi as the White Horseman.
Three admissions from famous Muslim Hadith scholars connecting the white horseman of Revelation to the Mahdi come to us in the writings of Ka’b al-Ahbar who is a famous transmitter of the Hadith as well as isra’iliyya (which are basically Christian-Judeo traditions that Islam accepts as reliable) and Egyptian authors Muhammad Ibn ‘Izzat and Muhammad ‘Arif in their book Al Mahdi and the End of Time:
I find the Mahid recorded in the books of the Prophets… For instance, the Book of Revelation says: ‘And I saw and behold a white horse. He that sat on him… went forth conquering and to conquer.’
As well as:
It is clear that this man is the Mahdi who will ride the white horse and judge by the Qur’an (with justice) and with whom will be men with marks of prostration (zabiba) on their foreheads.
Whether or not the Mahdi will literally or figuratively come riding on a white horse is unknown. However, one thing is certain: the Biblical passage describing the appearance of the Antichrist is the same passage many Muslim scholars claim is describing their future Mahdi.
God confused their language, so that they could not understand each other (Genesis 11:7). This is the ultimate source of the world’s many languages. As a result, many people moved away from the area in groups according to their particular new language. Not far from the site of Babel the earliest known inhabitants of Mesopotamia lived in the southern part of what is now Iraq. These people are simply called “proto-Euphrateans,” for lack of a better term. The first identifiable people of this group were known as Sumerians. In congruence with the Biblical account of language confusion, they spoke a language unlike any other, either ancient or modern. . As the people scattered from Babel with their different languages, they, of course, used different names for Nimrod and Semiramis.
One of the foremost cities of Sumer was Ur. This city-state came to the chief position among the towns of Sumer several times in its history. Located on the banks of Euphrates River, Ur was an important trading post dedicated to the god Sin and the goddess Nin-gal. The Bible refers to it as “Ur of the Chaldees” because it was located in the district of the Kaldu people. This city was the home of Terah and his son Abraham, ancestors of the nation of Israel. I would request the diligent reader to recall that in my discussion of the comparative dispensations in Islam and Christianity I declared a set point at Abraham due to the fact that Islam claims Abrahamic descent.
worship of the Sumerian moon god named “Sin”
Part 2 will continue tracing from Abraham to Muhammad.
Pentecoste, Dwight, phd. Eschatology. Dallas Theological Seminary; (my personal class notes)
Packer, J., Tenney, M. C., & White, W. (1997, c1995). Nelson’s illustrated manners and customs of the Bible (113). Nashville: Thomas Nelson.
The History of Herodotus, George Rawlinson, ed. and tr., vol. 1 (New York: D. Appleton and Company, 1885), bk 1, ch. 178-200
Woodrow,Ralph; Babylon Mystery Religion (Riverside, California: Ralph Woodrow Evangelistic Assn., 1966), p. 9;
COMPARISONS 6: THE CONQUEST OF ISRAEL AND JERUSALEM
In my next post we will be expounding on the conquest of Israel and Jerusalem, the war the Antichrist and Mahdi wage against Jews, and the extent they are prepared to go in order to accomplish their goals. For now, the following comparisons in this post will simply show that the Antichrist and Mahdi are both said to invade and overcome Israel.
The Conquest of Israel & Jerusalem by the Antichrist
The Antichrist will invade Israel/Jerusalem
The Jewish temple mount exists in Jerusalem on Mount Moriah. This is the current site of the Muslim Dome of the Rock. Other end times prophecies make it clear the Jewish temple will be restored and in use during the tribulation. In the following passages we see the Antichrist’s take over of the Jewish temple where he abolishes Jewish temple rituals:
His armed forces will rise up to desecrate the temple fortress and will abolish the daily sacrifice. Then they will set up the abomination that causes desolation.
The Antichrist will rule from the Temple
After the Antichrist makes a successful invasion of Israel, Jerusalem, and the Temple Mount, we are then told he sets himself up in the temple to rule ‘until the end that is decreed’ (so he remains here as his headquarters) while declaring himself to be God. This is known as the abomination of desolation:
And on a wing of the temple he will set up an abomination that causes desolation, until the end that is decreed is poured out on him.
Then in Matthew, we see Jesus in the New Testament warning those who are in Judea to flee once they see this occur:
So when you see standing in the holy place ‘the abomination that causes desolation [The Antichrist],’ spoken of through the prophet Daniel—let the reader understand— then let those who are in Judea flee to the mountains.
The Conquest of Israel & Jerusalem by the Mahdi
Islamic literature describes a great army carrying black flags descending upon Israel and Jerusalem:
Armies carrying black flags will come from Iran. No power will be able to stop them and they will finally reach Israel where they will erect their flags.
-Mohammed Ali Ibn Zubair Ali, Signs of Qiyamah, 54.
Interestingly enough, if you review the Old Testament prophecy of Ezekiel 38:5, one of the Antichrist nations mentioned invading Israel is ‘Persia,’ or what is known today as ‘Iran.’ This is also from where the Mahdi’s armies are said to come in the external Islamic citation above.
Then we see the Mahdi also sets up his headquarters in Jerusalem after invading Israel, just like the Antichrist:
Jerusalem will be the location of the rightly guided caliphate and the center of Islamic rule, which will be headed by Imam al-Mahdi.
-Izzat Arif, p40.
In summary, we see a occupation and invasion of Israel and Jerusalem by both the Mahdi and the Antichrist. In my next post we will see how both the Antichrist and the Mahdi are prophesied to have a targeted campaign against Jews, Israel, and Christians.
To the reader that has been following this research closely, you might recall in my very first post on the Antichrist I ended with the statement, “As titillation, I find the biblical title “the Assyrian” to be quite provocative.” The Assyrian referred to in the Bible is clearly our man and I intend to establish that while supporting the preceding post THE CONQUEST OF ISRAEL AND JERUSALEM by my partner. To do this I will be referencing the prophet Micah who was prophesying on the future millennium rule of the Messiah Jesus Christ. Specifically chapter 5 verses two through seven.
Micah chapter five
Now the basic time line of Christian eschatology has Jesus returning, defeating the Antichrist and establishing a one thousand year reign upon the earth. By tracing through a few verses we can learn some important information about the Antichrist.
“But you, Bethlehem Ephrathah, Though you are little among the thousands of Judah, Yet out of you shall come forth to Me The One to be Ruler in Israel, Whose goings forth are from of old, From everlasting.” (Mic 5:2)
From verse two we can establish that Jesus Christ is to become ruler in Israel during the 1000 year reign and that he is God because his “goings forth are form of old, from everlasting.”
“Therefore He shall give them up, Until the time that she who is in labor has given birth; Then the remnant of His brethren Shall return to the children of Israel.” (Mic 5:3)
From this verse we learn he becomes Ruler when the remnant of Israel (his brethren) become restored from the tribulation period.
“And He shall stand and feed His flock In the strength of the Lord, In the majesty of the name of the Lord His God; And they shall abide, For now He shall be great To the ends of the earth;” (Mic 5:4)
At that time (the millennial reign) Jesus will be great throughout the entire world. Now it gets more remarkable, as the next verse is what we have been building up to concerning the Antichrist.
“And this One shall be peace. When the Assyrian comes into our land, And when he treads in our palaces, Then we will raise against him Seven shepherds and eight princely men.” (Mic 5:5)
Jesus Christ will be Ruler after the ASSYRIAN comes and treads In Israel’s palaces. This points to the Assyrian as our man but let me drive it home and support Ashley’s post in the process.
The Antichrist will invade Israel/Jerusalem
The Jewish temple mount exists in Jerusalem on Mount Moriah. This is the current site of the Muslim Dome of the Rock. Other end times prophecies make it clear the Jewish temple will be restored and in use during the tribulation.
The Antichrist will rule from the Temple
After the Antichrist makes a successful invasion of Israel, Jerusalem, and the Temple Mount, we are then told he set himself up in the temple to rule ‘until the end that is decreed’.
From my exposition above we established that the Assyrian will tread in Israel’s palaces which coincides nicely with Ashley’s post. In addition, Daniel 11 is rich with information on the Antichrist but for the sake of simplicity I will only quote one verse.
And he shall plant the tents of his palace between the seas and the glorious holy mountain; yet he shall come to his end, and no one will help him. (Da 11:45)
We know that this person who puts his headquarters in Israel is the Antichrist. Consequently, since the Assyrian treads in “our palaces” and the Antichrist of Dan 11:45 plants the tabernacles of his palace in Israel, they must be the same person, unless another treads the palaces of Israel and we find none other in scripture. Thus the Assyrian is the Antichrist in scripture.
Now let me reveal just one more nugget from Micah. Please refer back to my last post tracing from Noah to Abraham and recall that Nimrod who built the tower of Babel was the first “type” of the Antichrist, which makes this next verse from Micah concerning coming Antichrist even more provocative.
“They shall waste with the sword the land of Assyria, And the land of Nimrod at its entrances; Thus He shall deliver us from the Assyrian, When he comes into our land And when he treads within our borders.” (Mic 5:6)
It appears that Assyria was also the “land of Nimrod”!
My main goal in this post was to support Ashley’s research but I intend to discuss the Assyrian connection in greater depth. Of course, Assyria was a geographic region on the upper Tigris River, in Mesopotamia, modern day Iraq, obviously a Muslim dominated region today. Its relevance to the topic at hand self evident.