LAND OF THE GIANTS
VALLEYS OF THE GIANTS
Why were we so infatuated with giants? Good question!
I previously did an article on giants as they pertained to The Bible. This time the focus is on the giants and programs about them, per say. But, the emphasis on the Biblical status is inclusive considering the articles which are placed within this post. Call it what you will…we had giants on earth. And we still do. Say what ye will…
According to Princeton.edu, the word “Amalekites” in the Arabic language is the singular form of giant and the plural form suggest the sons of this tribe were known for being unusually tall or gigantic.
GOD refers to these giant tribes as the WALKING DEAD!
The Book of Giants is a pseudepigraphical Jewish work from the 3rd century based on Genesis’ account of the Nephilim. The Nephilim were the offspring of the “Sons of GOD” and the “daughters of men” before the Deluge according to Genesis 6:4.
The Book of Giants retells part of this story and elaborates on the exploits of the giants, especially the two children of Shemihaza, Ohya and Hahya. Since no complete manuscript exists of Giants, its exact contents and their order remain a matter of guesswork. Most of the content of the present fragments concerns the giants’ ominous dreams and Enoch’s efforts to interpret them and to intercede with God on the giants’ behalf. Unfortunately, little remains of the independent adventures of the giants, but it is likely that these tales were at least partially derived from ancient Near Eastern mythology. Thus the name of one of the giants is Gilgamesh, the Babylonian hero and subject of a great epic written in the third millennium B.C.E.
— Michael Wise, Martin Abegg Jr., and Edward Cook, The Dead Sea Scrolls: A New Translation, (HarperSanFrancisco, 1996) p246-250.
Village of the Giants is a 1965 science-fiction/comedy movie with many elements of the beach party film genre. It was produced, directed and written by Bert I. Gordon, and based loosely on H.G. Wells’s book The Food of the Gods. The story revolves mostly around a chemical substance called “Goo”, which causes giant growth in living things, and what happens after a gang of rebellious youngsters get their hands on it.
WOW! I remember this show…and I loved it. Sure, I’m telling my age but I don’t care.
Land of the Giants is an hour-long American science fiction television program lasting two seasons beginning on September 22, 1968, and ending on March 22, 1970.
Set in the then-future year of 1983, the series tells the tale of the crew and passengers of a sub-orbital transport spaceship called the Spindrift.
In the pilot episode, the Spindrift is en route from Los Angeles to London via the ultra-fast route of a parabolic trajectory. Just beyond Earth’s boundary with space, the Spindrift encounters a strange space storm and is transported to a mysterious planet where everything is twelve times larger than its counterpart on Earth.
The Spindrift crew call the inhabitants “the giants”. The Spindrift crashes on this planet and becomes inoperable.
My favorite character was Kurt Kasznar who played, Alexander Fitzhugh. His attitude was great! He was very funny.
Jack the Giant Slayer
Fee Fi Fo Fum
Ask not whence the thunder comes
Ask not where the birds have gone
For between heaven and earth is a perilous place.
Home to a fearsome giant race.
Who hunger to conquer the mortals below
Waiting for the seeds of revenge to grow.
The lines above make up the “poem” that’s all over the movie Jack the Giant Slayer (formerly Jack the Giant Killer).
“Jack and the Beanstalk” is an English fairy tale. It appeared as “The Story of Jack Spriggins and the Enchanted Bean” in 1734 and as Benjamin Tabart’s moralised “The History of Jack and the Bean-Stalk” in 1807.
Jack is a young boy living with his widowed mother and a dairy cow as their only source of income. When the cow stops giving milk, Jack’s mother tells him to take it to the market to be sold. On the way, Jack meets an old man who offers “magic beans” in exchange for the cow, and Jack makes the trade. When he arrives home without any money, his mother becomes furious, throws the beans on the ground, and sends Jack to bed.
During the night, the magic beans cause a gigantic beanstalk to grow, which Jack climbs to a land high in the sky. When Jack finds an enormous castle, he breaks in. Soon after, the castle’s owner, a giant, returns home. He senses that Jack is nearby, and speaks a rhyme.
I smell the blood of an Englishman,
Be he alive, or be he dead,
I’ll grind his bones to make my bread.
When the giant falls asleep Jack steals a bag of gold coins and makes his escape down the beanstalk.
Jack climbs the beanstalk twice more. He learns of other treasures and steals them when the giant sleeps: first a goose that lays golden eggs (the most common variant is a hen; compare the idiom “to kill the goose that laid the golden eggs.”), then a harp that plays by itself. The giant wakes when Jack leaves the house with the harp and chases Jack down the beanstalk. Jack calls to his mother for an axe and before the giant reaches the ground, cuts down the beanstalk, causing the giant to fall to his death. Jack and his mother live happily ever after with the riches that Jack stole.
Ahhh…the tales of old. Or were they just tales or legends? We may never know but the much like the Grimm brothers, it seems there’s always a little fact with fiction.
Gulliver’s Travels was obviously a book (performed as a satire in stages from 1699-710) before it came to the big screen.
During his first voyage, Gulliver is washed ashore after a shipwreck and finds himself a prisoner of a race of tiny people, less than 6 inches tall, who are inhabitants of the island country of Lilliput. After giving assurances of his good behaviour, he is given a residence in Lilliput and becomes a favourite of the court. From there, the book follows Gulliver’s observations on the Court of Lilliput. He is also given the permission to go around the city on a condition that he must not harm their subjects. Gulliver assists the Lilliputians to subdue their neighbours, the Blefuscudians, by stealing their fleet. However, he refuses to reduce the island nation of Blefuscu to a province of Lilliput, displeasing the King and the court. Gulliver is charged with treason for, among other crimes, “making water” in the capital, though he was putting out a fire and saving countless lives. He is convicted and sentenced to be blinded, but with the assistance of a kind friend, he escapes to Blefuscu. Here he spots and retrieves an abandoned boat and sails out to be rescued by a passing ship, which safely takes him back home.
This even made its way into an animated television specials! And most recently (2010), it became a hit with Jack Black as Gulliver.
The Nephilim: These were the Sons of God who in Genesis interbred with humans, creating a race of giants. They were called “The Watchers” in The Book of Enoch.
The Cainites: This was a race of giants descended from Cain who lived in an underworld kingdom called “Arka.” Note that the well-known statement in Genesis that “in those days, and after that, there were giants on the earth” is in fact not what the original text stated. What it really said was “giants in the earth.”
The Anakim: This was another name for the Watchers. It means “the descendants of Anak”, or Enoch, Cain’s son. Though it was said that a flood had been sent to destroy them, there were still entire cities of Anakim in Canaan as late as the time of Moses. And Jewish chronicler Josephus states that even in his own day it was not uncommon for people to dig up gigantic skeletal remains. Spies sent by Moses to scout Anakim strongholds reported back that the Anakim were so large that the Hebrews seemed “like grasshoppers” in comparison.
The Tritons: This was a race of giant gods, spawned by the interbreeding of Poseidon with a mortal woman named Cleito. In some versions of the story they are part-fish. Some are said to have escaped the flood that destroyed Atlantis.
The Titans: These were a Greek race of giants born to Ouranos and Gaia. It is undoubtedly a later retelling of the Triton saga.
Atlas: He was the King of Atlantis, and a Triton/giant. He was so large and so strong that he often represented holding the Earth upon his shoulders.
Quetzlcoatl: This was the giant white god who appeared to native South Americans and founded their civilizations, according to their folktales. He too is depicted supporting the Earth on his shoulders, and he told the natives that the civilization from which he originated was destroyed by a flood which he escaped by building a ship.
Hercules: He is also a giant, and is said to have piloted an ark.
Cuculainn: He is called the Irish Hercules, and came to Ireland in a ship when his homeland was destroyed by a flood. Interestingly, he seems to equate with the South American white god Kukulcan, a figure of “very tall stature” who arrived on a boat telling much the same story.
Votan: This is yet another tall white tutelary deity of South America. Once again we see the strange circumstance that his name sounds exactly like that of the Northern European god Wotan, a deity worshipped on the in an altogether different hemisphere.
The Ari: These were a race of Sumerian deified kings. “Ari” is a royal title meaning “the Shining Ones.” They were obviously the prototypes of The Book of Enoch’s Watchers. Numerous Sumerian seals depict them as men of gigantic stature. They are often taller than members of their courts, even when depicted seated on thrones. In the numerous seals that show them standing, they tower above those standing next to them.
The Tuatha de Danaan: This was a race of Celtic giants and father gods. Like the Cainites and other giants, they were said to dwell in underground kingdoms or inside hollow mountains. One of the chief deities was Lugus, a name that translates to “Shining One”, revealing an astonishing connection to Sumer’s deified giant kings.
The Ellu: This was a race of Mesopotamian kings said to be descendants of the gods. Yet again, “Ellu” is a royal court title which translates to “the Shining Ones.” It is thought that “Ellu” was the basis of the word “Elohim”, a term translated generally as “the Sons of God.” The Elohim are considered by some to be synonymous with the Nephilim of Genesis.
Albion: He was one of the Titan giants fathered by Poseidon. He came to England after the Flood and was for many years the island’s principle god. In those times England was actually called “Albion”, after their Titan god/king. In fact, many British places place-names retain the words “Albion” or “Albany” to this very day.
Iberius: A Titan and brother of Albion, he went to Spain after the Flood. And likewise, Spain was for centuries named Iberia in his honor.
King Arthur: There is some Arthurian lore which claims that he piloted an ark during the Deluge, and this legend also relates that he stood just over nine feet tall. King Henry II, inspired by stories that Arthur was buried at Glastonbury, dispatched a team there to excavate the area. At a depth of nine feet they found a lead cross inscribed with the words: “Here lies the body of King Arthur.” Sixteen feet below that was a stone sarcophagus containing the bones of a man nine feet tall. Skeptics put forth the argument that the lead cross could have been forged by local abbots wishing to draw attention (and donations) to their abbey. Such an argument, however, fails to address the fact that the nine-foot skeleton discovered beneath the cross would tend to negate the notion that this could have been a mere hoax. Later, in the early 1500s, another gigantic coffin was disinterred, and found to contain a skeleton 8’3” tall. History fails to record what became of these later bones, although those of Arthur were respectfully re-interred.
The Cyclopses: The Cyclopses were one-eyed giants in Greek mythology. It was said that they built the city of Mycenae in Greece out of massive blocks weighing many tons each. This is why similar constructions found at Baalbek, Lake Titicaca and elsewhere are referred to as having “Cyclopean” architecture.
The Cabiri: This was a race of giant blacksmith gods said to live in hollowed-out volcanoes. They had tattoos on their foreheads of a large solar disc, leading to speculation that the myth of the one-eyed Cyclopses may have originated with them.
The Cimbri: These were giants living in Celtic Gaul. They had long manes of blond hair and a fierce, warlike demeanor, all of which lead them to be compared to lions. They were also known as the “Cimmerians”, which may be suggestive of a Sumerian connection.
THE LAST TWO CENTURIES
A nine-foot, eight-inch skeleton excavated from a mount near Brewersville, Indiana, in 1879.
In Clearwater Minnesota, the skeletons of seven giants were found in mounds. These had receding foreheads and complete double dentition.
At LeCrescent, Wisconsin, mounds were found to contain giant bones. Five miles north near Dresbach, the bones of people over eight feet tall were found.
Near Toledo, Ohio, 20 skeletons were discovered with jaws and teeth “twice as large as those of present day people.” The account also noted that odd hieroglyphics were found with the bodies 390
In 1931, skeletons from eight and a half to ten feet long were found in the Humbolt lake bed in California.393
During World War II, author Ivan T. Sanderson, tells of how his crew was bulldozing through sedimentary rock when it stumbled upon what appeared to be a graveyard. In it were crania that measured from 22 to 24 inches from base to crown – nearly three times as large as an adult human skull. Had the creatures to whom these skulls belonged been properly proportioned, they undoubtedly would have been at least 12 feet tall – or taller.
In 1947, a local newspaper reported the discovery of nine-foot-tall skeletons by amateur archeologists working in Death Valley.396 The archeologists involved also claimed to have found what appeared to be the bones of tigers and dinosaurs with the human remains.
In 1891, at Crittenden, Arizona, some workers digging the foundation for a new building struck at a depth of eight feet a huge stone sarcophagus. When they were able to open the lid, inside were the remains of a nine-foot giant which time had reduced mostly to a pile of dust.
In 1833, soldiers digging a pit at Lompock Rancho, California, unearthed a twelve-foot giant with a double row of teeth, both uppers and lowers. The Lompock giant’s teeth, while unusual, were not unique; another ancient skeleton later found on Santa Rosa Island off the California coast showed the same dental peculiarity.
In 1879, some Indiana archaeologists dug into an ancient burial mound at Brewersville, Indiana, and unearthed a human skeleton that measured nine feet eight inches in length. A mica necklace still hung around the giant’s neck. The bones, which were stored in a grain mill, were swept away in the 1937 flood.
In 1925, several amateurs digging in an Indian mound at Walkerton, Indiana, uncovered the skeletons of eight very ancient humans measuring in height from eight to almost nine feet. All eight giants had been buried in “substantial copper armor.”
In his History of the Indies, Joseph de Acosta tells a story of the giants:
When I was in Mexico, in the year of our Lord one thousand five hundred eighty six, they found one of those giants buried in one of our farms, which we call Iesus del Monte, of whom they brought a tooth to be seen, which (without augmenting) was as big as the fist of a man; and, according to this, all the rest was proportionable, which I saw and admired at his deformed greatness.
In 1903, on an archaeological outing at Fish Creek, Montana, Professor S. Farr and his group of Princeton University students came across several burial mounds. Choosing one to dig in, they unearthed the skeleton of a man about nine feet long. Next to him lay the bones of a woman, who had been almost as tall.589
There have been giants found throughout Asia with the majority being in China. However, other areas have these remains as well with one notable find being a human skeleton measuring eleven feet was found some years ago at Tura in Assam, near the border of East Pakistan, reports Peter Kolosimo.
Chang Woo Gow
Not all Asian giants are ancient. The Chinese giant Chang Woo Gow showed himself in England in 1865/1866 at the old Egyptian Hall in Piccadilly. A courtly gentleman and able scholar, he was invited to visit the Prince and Princess of Wales. He stood eight feet two inches. He was not the tallest in his family, however, for one sister measured eight feet four inches. On his British tour, the nineteen-year-old Chang was accompanied by his bride, King-Foo (“The Fair Lily”) and by a three-foot dwarf named Chung, who always stood at his side during the giant’s public appearances and became a sensation in Britain.
Chinese Giants, Other
The Chinese, in whose land archaeologists have found some of the earliest skeletal remains of giants, insist they once had among them some men as much as fifteen feet tall. One might dismiss this as just another “tall tale,” except that Melchior Nunnez, in his letters from India, vouches for the fact that China grew some giants to that tremendous size. He “speaks of porters who guarded the gates of Peking who were of that immense height; and in a letter dated in 1555, he avers that the emperor of that country entertained and fed five hundred of such men for archers of his guard.”
They were still there to be seen seventy years later, for George Hakewill, in his Apologie, 1627, issues a similar report “five hundred of such men for archers of his guard.”
In 1575, when the Tartars invaded Poland, Jacobus Niezabilo-vius slew a warrior of enormous size who fought in their ranks. After the battle, Polish soldiers marveled that as he lay dead on the ground “his body was of so prodigious a bulk that… his carcass reached to the navel of any ordinary person standing by the side of it.”
While building a new road near Mold in Flintshire in 1833, workers came across a tumulus in which they found some bones and a skull of great size, along with a Lorica or golden vest. Most believed the bones to be the remains of the renowned giant Welsh warrior Benlli who lived at Mold (c. AD 500), and who was surnamed the “Giant of the Golden Vest.”
Hector Boetius, in his History of Scotland, reports that the bones of a Scottish giant nicknamed “Little John,” who stood fourteen feet high, were still to be seen in his day.
In 1687, while digging into some hillocks at Repton in Derbyshire, Thomas Walker came across an old stone wall enclosure that contained a stone coffin with a skeleton nine feet long. A century later, because of renewed interest in Walker’s find, the “ancient sepulcher was again opened… when bones of a very gigantic size, appertaining to numerous skeletons, were discovered, together with some remains of warlike instruments.”
Unexplained Mysteries-Giant Native Tribes of Ancient America
Giants in Africa
Giant Nephilim from the Caucasus Mountains
Romanian 30 foot Giant
Nations and Giants in Ancient Israel
William Turner, the naturalist and dean of Wells (d. 1568), mentions that on the coast of Brazil, near the river Polata, he saw a tribe of very gigantic naked savages, one of whom he estimated to be twelve feet tall.
While in Brazil, Knyvet several times saw an Indian who, though still a youth, towered to a height of thirteen spans. Since thirteen spans equals nine feet, nine inches, this would have made the giant about the same size as Goliath.
Reaveneau de Lussan reported contact with natives of Chile that were of enormous bulk and stature. Frezier also relates that natives of the coast of Chile told him that some of the Indians living inland stood nine feet high.
Captain George Shelvock, on his voyage in 1719 to the Island of Chiloe off the coast of Chile, saw Indians which stood nine to ten feet high.
Soon after Maldonado discovered the Seri giants, Captain Melchior Diaz came across another tribe of huge Indians while searching farther up the coast for the ships carrying supplies for Coronado’s 1540 expedition. Pedro de Castaneda reported that, “After going about 150 leagues, they came to a province of exceedingly tall and strong men-like giants.” Evidently, these were the Cocopa, a Yuman tribe who also inhabited the lower Rio Colorado, which the Indians called Rio del Tison.
Antonio Francesco Pigafetta, chronicler of Magellan’s circumnavigation of the world: “We had been two whole months in this harbor without sighting anyone when one day (quite without warning) we saw on the shore a huge giant, who was naked, and who danced, leaped and sang, all the while throwing sand and dust on his head. Our Captain ordered one of the crew to walk towards him, telling this man also to dance, leap and sing as a sign of friendship. This he did, and led the giant to a place by the shore where the Captain was waiting. And when the giant saw us, he marveled and was afraid, and pointed to the sky, believing we came from heaven. He was so tall that even the largest of us came only to midway between his waist and his shoulder; 621 yet with all he was well proportioned. He had a large face, painted round with red; his eyes were ringed with yellow and in the middle of his cheeks were painted two hearts. He had hardly any hair on his head, what little he had being painted white….”
Rupert Gould said in his book Enigmas in 1945, included another quote about Magellan’s voyage and added, This man was so tall that our heads scarcely came up to his waist, and his voice was like that of a bull.
Many of the other natives in this region were also very tall; this would lead to the naming of those in the region the “Patagonian Giants”, Patagonian meaning “people of the long feet.”
There are 36 of Tribes of Giants mentioned in the Bible:
29. Nephilim *
There are also 22 individual Giants mentioned, by name, in the Bible:
1. Adonizedec – King of Jerusalem
2. Agag – King of the Amalakites
7. Gog and Magog
10. Hoham – King of Hebron
11. Horam – King of Gezer
12. Jabin – King of Hazor
13. Jobab – King of Madon
16. Og of Bashan
17. Ogias – Og’s father
20. Sihon – King of the Amorites
American Antiquarian 1897
Flinders Petrie claims to have found a new giant race in Egypt, in his last report he says;
A new race has been found, which had not any object of manufacture like the Egyptians; their pottery, their statuettes, their beads, their mode of burial are all unlike any other in Egypt, and not a single usual Egyptian scarab, or hieroglyph of carving, or amulet, or bead, or vase has been found in the whole of the remains in question. That we are dealing with something entirely different from any age of Egyptian civilization yet known, is therefore certain. That this was not a merely local variety is almost certain, as these strange remains are found over more than a hundred miles of country, from Abydos to Gebelen. Our own work was near the middle of this district, between Ballas and Negada.
The race was very tall and powerful, with strong features: a hooked nose, long pointed beard, and brown wavy hair, are shown by their carvings and bodily remains. There was no trace of the Negro type apparent, and in general they seem closely akin to the allied races of the Libyans and Amorites. Their burials are always with the body contracted, and not mummified…
Metal and flint were both in use by these people. Copper adzes show that the wood was wrought, and finely carved bulls’ legs to a couch illustrates the work. Copper harpoons were imitated from the form in bone. Copper needles indicates the use of sewn garments and the multitude of spinning-wheels in the town proves how common weaving must have been.
New York Times, August 29, 1932
GIANT SKELETONS FOUND
Chillicothe, Ohio, May 31 – Ten skeletons were found in two mounds by Dr.Loveberry, curator of the Ohio State University Museum, one that of a giant fully 8 feet tall. It is the most notable find yet.
The Evening World, August 19, 1922
SKELETONS OF STONE AGE MEN ARE DUG UP IN CONNECTICUT
Prehistoric Inhabitants of the Nutmeg Sate Were Flat Heads of Great Strength and Huge Teeth
Bridgeport, Conn., Aug 15 – Two complete skeletons, believed to have belonged to inhabitants of the earth in the Stone Age, are said to have been unearthed by a team of archaeologists, headed by Prof. Warren King Mooreheadm near the Housatonic River at Laurel Beach.
The professor and his assistances have been digging in this section for some time and claim discovery of a number of indications that the section was once inhabited by a forgotten race.
Both skeletons appear to be well preserved. The bones are rough, denoting great strength, the skulls are flat and both possess a perfect set of teeth of unusual size.
Prof. Moorehead said it was his belief the bodies were buried in salt water several thousand years ago, which accounts fir their preservation. He also expressed hope that he and his assistants would soon locate a burial ground of an ancient race.
Sunday, September 12, 1897
NINE FEET TALL
Was This Man Whose Skeletons Was Found In Indiana
Connersville, IND., Sept 11 – While Sexton Charles Rieman was digging a grave in the city cemetery, he came upon the skeleton of a monster of a man, It had been buried in a sitting posture with the face to the east, and was about three feet below the surface. The remains indicate that the being of which this was once part, was a veritable giant, probably nine feet in height. The femur bone is about a yard long, and the massive under jaw is much larger than that of an ordinary man. It is supposed that the bones are those of an Indian or Mound Builder.
History of Iowa From the Earliest Times to the Beginning of the Twentieth Century 1902
What sort of people were the first inhabitants of Iowa is a question that must ever be of interest. It is generally believed by archaeologists that remains of two distinct prehistoric races have been found in the Valley of the Mississippi.
The first human skulls discovered resemble those of the gorilla, having the thick ridges over the eyes and an almost total absence of forehead, indicating a low degree of intelligence. Similar skulls have been found throughout the different countries of Europe, indicating that the first inhabitants of the earth known to ethnologists were lowbrowed, brute-like, small-bodied beings, who were but a grade above the lower animals. Skulls of this type have been found in Illinios, Wisconsin, as well as in Johnson, Floyd, Chickasaw and Dubuque counties of Iowa. The first inhabitants of Iowa and the Mississippi Valley of which we have any evidence are called the “Mound Builders.” Stone and copper implements found indicate that they had made progress in the scale of intelligence. Whether they cultivated the soil, erected comfortable dwellings and built towns is not known; but that they made cloth is proven by samples found in mounds, strangely preserved through the innumerable ages that have elapsed. The numbers, color, habits, customs and forms of government of these people, as well as the manner in which their mounds were constructed, the purpose for which these enduring earthworks of various forms.
New York Times
August 17, 1885
A Petrified Giant
Victoria, British Columbia, Aug 5- The body of a petrified giant has been found by two farmers who were sinking a well 10 miles from town. It appearances closely resembles that of a human being. The head had the appearance of having been scalped. The material is as hard as flint and the arms and legs are broken off. The veins and ribs are plainly traced. A party has gone out for the legs and arms and hands which lie in a hole. The man whom alive must have been 12 feet in height.
The Daily Leger, Noblesville, Indiana – Aug., 16 1902
Unearthed at Bowling Green, Kentucky
Measures Nine Feet in Length
Double Rows of Teeth
The skeleton of a prehistoric giant was exhumed near Bowling Green yesterday by a colored laborer, who terrified at his find, ran, breathless, to the nearest farmhouse ans notified the neighborhood. The skeleton when placed together as is was in life, measured nearly nine feet in length. The skull measures almost 12 inches in diameter, and there are two distinct rows of teeth in the massive jaw. The bones are well preserved with the exception of the pelvic bones, which are considerably decayed. The bones were thought to be the remains of some giant Indiana, but the shape of the head is not, the shape of the skull peculiar to Indians, and the age in which the man lived is still in doubt.
The bones of the toes and fingers are remarkably well preserved and appear to have something resembling claws attached. The arms of the giant measure many inches more than those of a man today, and were the lower limbs not so long the skeleton would have bear a close resemblance to a huge gorilla. There is no wound visible on the bones, and that the man died of natural death is quite possible.
Carnegie Leyden Trubune
June 30, 1921
NINE FOOT SKELETON
On opening a mound near Greesburg, Pa., the curator of the Carnegie Museum of Pittsburgh, Dr. Holland, unearthed a skeleton between eight and nine feet tall. The mound was 100 feet long and more than 12 feet high. The most interesting feature in the recent excavation was the mummified torso of a human body at least 4,000 years old. The parts of the skeletons were shipped to the Carnegie museum-Scientific American.
I. EXPLORATIONS IN THE OZARK REGION OF CENTRAL MISSOURI, 1923
Three miles northeast of Big Piney is a cavern which from its position, formation, and surroundings is particularly adapted to the requirements of primitive people in search of a permanent shelter. It is situated in a bluff rising from the left bank of Big Piney River, 200 feet above the level of that stream and half that distance below the summit of the hill of which the bluff forms the front. It lies in three different tracts of land, but the greater portion is on the farm of Daniel S. Miller, who lives a little more than half a mile away. For three generations it has been widely known as “Miller’s Cave.” It opens toward the southeast, the river at this point flowing north of east, and thus secures protection from the cold winds of winter, receives the greatest amount of light through the day, and has the advantage of sunshine at the season when this is most needed. Big Piney, like all streams in the Ozark region, is extremely crooked and its bed is a continuous succession of riffles and pools, or eddies as they are locally known. In front of the cave is one of these pools nearly a mile long and at lowest stages fully 15 feet deep in places; even now it yields an abundance of fish, turtles, frogs, and mussels, all of which are important items in the aboriginal dietary.
The first interment was found at 46 feet from the front, 14 feet from the east wall. The folded skeleton of a very old person lay on the right side, head east, in loose ashes, on a large flat rock whose top was 30 inches below the surface. This rock had not been placed here, but had fallen from the ceiling; probably its existence was not known until it was uncovered in digging the grave. The skull still retained its shape, in part, being held in place by the ashes, but fell in pieces when this support was removed. A portion of it was gone; two fragments were found, several feet away, not near each other, one of which fits in the skull, and the other probably belongs with it also. The frontal bone is nearly half an inch thick; the sutures partially obliterated; the teeth worn down to the necks, some of them nearly to the bone; the forehead is low and receding. A restoration is seen in plate 20, a, b. In addition to the missing portions of the skull, most of the ribs, half of the lower jaw, and nearly all the dorsal vertebræ were absent, probably having been dragged away by ground hogs. The bones are all light and fragile. Lying above the skull, in contact with it but supported by the ashes on both sides, was half of a large mortar hollowed on both sides. Above the skeleton, and extending for several feet on every side, was an undisturbed stratum of closely packed ashes, 17 inches thick at the middle, which broke off under the pick in large clods; these, of course, had accumulated after the body was interred.
The New Sentinel, April 19, 1926
A prehistoric graveyard on Sycamore Creek, where the grade of the Verde railway passes through, has been uncovered by a crew of laborers under the direction of Conductor C.W. Corbin, in performing certain excavations to improve the roadway.
There has thus been revealed a very interesting situation that prevailed at some time or another, in the physical make-up of a race is reflected in the massive remains that have been recovered, and which are indisputable of a giant type of humanity that is bewildering to those of this generation. The skull of a human is in the possession of Mr. Corbin together with a portion of the frame that would indicate one who in life must have attained a height of at least 8 feet. The sides of the face have been severed, but when placed in their natural position, on the head of the living they were so massive as to shield the features like unto a perfect mask. The bones of the legs likewise are of greater length and heavier than any today.
That a prehistoric burying place has been determined is proven in the finding of a handful of beads, which archaeologists trace to the Toltec period. These precious ornaments were kept by the Mexican laborors, and cannot be secured. Mr. Corbin, however, verifies the discovery made, and at the time did not appreciate what their possession meant, else would have secured the lot.
The mammoth skeleton was a duplicate of that discovered some months ago by Peter Marx on Walnut Creek, which the owner retains in his possession.
The New York Times April 5, 1886
MONSTER SKULLS AND BONES
Carterville, Ga., April 4. – The water has receded from the Etowha Mound Field, and has left uncovered acres of skulls and bones. Some of these are gigantic. If the whole frame is in proportion to two thigh bones that were found, their owners must have stood 14 feet high. Many curious ornaments of shell, brass and stone have been found. Some of the bodies were buried in small vaults built of stone. The whole makes a mine of archaeological wealth. A representative of the Smithsonian Institution is here investigating the curious relics.
The Kanawha Spectator, Vol. I, 1953
“The excavations made in the Dunbar mound revealed it to be a double storied structure. The exploration was made by first sinking a vertical shaft through the center of the mound, down to and slightly below the original surface of the ground. This mound was about 175 feet in diameter and 35 feet high-as high as a modern three-story house. Within the mound were found successive layers of skeletons, some of them sepulchered in a stone vault, and those nearer the bottom in a large wooden vault. Some of the beams of the latter were of walnut, and were 12 inches in diameter.
“About half way down to the bottom the earth was mixed, for a depth of three or four feet, with ashes. One skeleton, still enclosed in a coffin made of bark, was in a better state of preservation than the others.
“Within the large wooden vault, near the bottom layer of earth, lay the principle figure, a huge skeleton measuring seven and a half feet in length and nineteen inches between the shoulder sockets. This figure lay prone, the head pointing toward the east. Around this skeleton were four others. Dr. Hale, who watched some of Colonel Norris’ excavations, states that the irregular positions of these four skeletons indicated that they had been placed in a standing position, at each of the four corners; and that their irregular heaps suggested to some who saw them ‘the possibility that they may have been buried alive, to accompany their great chief to the happy hunting grounds and land of spirits.’”
Some years ago when Colonel Ben Smith mound was opened by Professor Norris, of the Smithsonian, he found the skeleton of a giant, which measured seven feet eight inches in length.
This occurred about fifteen years ago. Now comes the sequel. A few days ago Joe Fister was ploughing near the mound an unearthed a stone ax. The ax is of granite, beautifully made and well preserved. It weighs seven pounds eight ounces. The largest ever found here.
Dr. J. N. Mahan brought this ax, and has it in his possession. Could this have been the giant’s ax?
Can’t you get some of your correspondents to give an article on Indian axes, & c.
Very Truly Yours,
Robert Douglas Roller
On the south side of Cumberland river, about 22 miles above Cairo, * * * is a cave * * *. In this room, near about the center, were found sitting in baskets made of cane, three human bodies; the flesh entire, but a little shriveled, and not much so. The bodies were those of a man, a female and a small child. The complexion of all was very fair, and white, without any inter-mixture of the copper colour. Their eyes were blue; their hair auburn, and fine. The teeth were very white, their stature was delicate, about the size of the whites of the present day. The man was wrapped in 14 dressed deer skins. The 14 deer skins were wrapped in what those present called blankets. They were made of bark, like those found in the cave in White county. The form of the baskets which enclosed them, was pyramidal, being larger at the bottom, and declining to the top. The heads of the skeletons, from the neck, were above the summits of the blankets.
Historical Collections, Henry Howe, 1888
Although not regarded by the government as reliable, the oral traditions of the native people in the Eastern U.S. describe the existence of possibly two races of giants, one supplanting the other by violent means. Here we have the first inkling of some very remote prehistory preserved, through the tradition of the Chippewa, Sandusky, and Tawa tribes, (members of the Algonquin language group), the existence of giant,
In this connection I would say that Mr. Jonathan Brooks, now living in town, stated to me, that his father, Benjamin Brooks, who lived with the Indians fourteen years, and was well-acquainted with their
language and traditions, told him and others that it was a tradition of the Indians that the first tribe occupying this whole country, was a black-bearded race, very large in size, and subsequently a red bearded race or tribe came and killed or drove off all the black beards, as they called them.
New York Times, May 22, 1871
GIGANTIC HUMAN REMAINS FOUND
A letter from Kern County, California reports that in digging a grave on the old bank of the Kern River, not long since, there was found a human skeleton seven feet 5 inches in length. The account says there was with it a package of eleven flint arrow-heads and spear heads and that the skull was much larger than the ordinary size of craniums moving around at the present day. A full grown person placed his head inside the skull. The Louisville Courier Journal, however, tells a bigger story thus, “Workmen in the new fire cistern, in Jeffersonville exhumed, twelve feet from the surface, a part of a skeleton of a giant at least twelve feet high. The skull was badly broken by the workmen, but sufficient of the jaws and face bones were saved to show that it was the remains of an enormous sized human being. A shin bone was measured near three feet in length.
Bluffton, Indiana Chronicle, August 22, 1903
FOUND SKELETONS EIGHT FEET TALL
While excavating in a gravel pit at Anderson, Indiana, workman unearthed half a dozen skeletons, most of which were eight feet tall and over. One in particular was that of a man of giant stature and all were far above the height of tall persons. Two of the skeletons were those of women. In the graves were found pieces of pottery, such as being unknown by the Indians, which leads to the conclusion that the bones are those of people of a prehistoric race. Two bodies were found close to an ancient mound.
New York Times, December 20, 1897 WISCONSIN MOUND OPENED
Skeleton Found of a Man Over Nine Feet High With Enormous Skull
MAPLE CREEK WISCONSIN -Dec. 19 – One of the three recently discovered mounds in this town has been opened. In it was found the skeleton of a man of gigantic size. The bones measured from head to foot over nine feet and were in a fair state of preservation. The skull was as large as a half bushel measure. Some finely tempered rods of copper and other relics were lying near the bones.
The mound from which these relics were taken is ten feet high and thirty feet long and varies from six to eight feet in width.
The two mounds of lesser size will be excavated soon.
Journal Gazette, January 20, 1922
RACE OF GIANTS ONCE INHABITED THE FLORIDA PENINSULA
Must have Been Nine Feet Tall
St. Petersburg, Florida
That the shell mounds at the end of the Seminole bridge closest to it. Petersburg if dug into would reveal skeletons of a tribe of men about which little is known is the opinion of Prof. J. H. Pratt of Southland Seminary, who yesterday visited the mounds and dug into a few. Skull and bones taken from them several weeks ago by a part of the men were shown to Prof. Pratt and it is probable that at a later date a thorough excavation will be made in search of traces of a race of people yet little heard of.
Yesterday on account of poor facilities for excavating, little digging was done, the trip being made primarily to allow the professor to establish for himself whether the means were worth going into. He is confident that where the giant piles of shell on this side of the Bayou spanned the Seminole bridge was once once the site of an Indian village of any size.
Some time ago when the shell was being taken from one of the mounds for road work, two complete skeletons were found beside a number of separate bones. One of there a leg bone was two feet and some inches in length. Comparing this length with the length of the bone of the leg of a man six feet tall would establish the fact that the race of Indians who lived in these parts probably thousands of years ago were giants as a man would have to be over nine feet tall to have a leg bone two feet long. This fact coupled with the extraordinary size of some of the skulls dug up brings about the assumption the race of abnormally large people inhabited the peninsula.
Numerous shell mounds on the Pinellas peninsula have been opened and many treasures of the Indian days have been unearthed. Around St. Petersburg there are a number of such mounds, many of which have been opened a number of times.
Athens Pennsylvania-Giant-From “The American Anthropologist” 1921.
In what is now Main street, just below the museum, inlaying water pipes four feet underground twenty years ago, were found some very large skeletons, one of which was carefully examined and described as, “a man of gigantic size. Judging from the thigh bone, 21 inches long, he must have been seven feet tall. The skull was much larger than usual, very thick, the forehead unusually receding and the top flattened. The Jaws were extremely strong, full of large perfect teeth. Altogether the remains seemed to be those of a brutal powerful giant.
A giant mummified woman who was 6 feet 8 inches tall that was discovered in the Yosemite Park in California. Are these the same people?
Indiana Geological Survey, 1881
Delaware County, Indiana
The Indians used many of the hills as burial places; bones have been discovered which from their size would The World, October 7, 1895
BIGGEST GIANT EVER KNOWN
Nine Feet High and Probably a California Indian
Measurement Well Authenticated
Other Big Men and Women of Fact and Fable Who Are Famous Types if Giantism
The corpse of the biggest man that ever lived has been dug up near San Diego California. At all events there is no satisfactory read in ancient or modern history of any human being nearly so tall. The mummy-for in such a condition the remains were found-is that of a person would have been about nine feet high in life. This makes allowances for the shrinkage, which may be pretty closely calculated.
As to the accuracy in the estimate there can no question, as the cadaver has been carefully inspected and measured by Prof. Thomas Wilson, Curator of the Department of Prehistoric Anthropology in the Smithsonian Institution, and by other scientists. The tapeline even now registers the length from heel to top of the head at eight feet four inches.
The mummy is that of an Indian and is almost certainly prehistoric, though its age cannot be determined with any sort of accuracy. Historical records of the part of California where it was found go back for at least 250 years, and they make no mention of any man of gigantic stature. How much older the body may be must be left open to conjecture. Its preservation, its preservation is no matter of surprise, in that arid region the atmospheric conditions are such that a corpse buried in the dry season might very well become perfectly desiccated before the arrival of the rains, and thus be rendered permanently proof against decay.
The body was found in a cave by a party of prospectors. Over the head are the remnants of a leather hood. The man was well advanced in years.
It has been stated that the man must have surpassed in height any giant of whom there is an historical record. This is unquestionably true so far as the last two centuries are concerned, and accounts of older dates are not well authenticated. Indeed they grow more and more apocryphal as distant in time increases.
Oakland Tribune, June 10, 1912
Bones of Giant Found in South
Best Preserved Skeleton of Extinct Tribe Hauled from Channel
San Francisco, June 10- Up to three hundred years ago, a giant race of Indians inhabited the coastal regions of California. Remains of these have been discovered in the islands of the Santa Barbara Channel. To William Altman, assistant curator of the Golden Gate Park Museum belongs the honor of discovering one of the tallest and best-preserved skeletons of this extinct tribe.Another finds of giant skeletons was found on Catalina Island.
The giant skeleton found was ten feet from the surface, and around it were a large number of mortars and pestles, charm stones and obsidian arrow heads. One of the skeleton measured seven feet four inches.”
Many of the large skeletal remains were found in the Channel Isalnds or near the coast. This is evidence of migrations from the Maritime Archaic 7000 BC – 2000 A.D. who had an identical material culture and skulls types that are found the extent of the northern latitudes of the globe. Here is an example of one of the finds on Santa Rosa Island.
These giant skeletal remains are not isolated to the California coasts but can also be found in the Gulf of Mexico and the Atllantic seaboard. Newspaper headlines describing large skeletons that were found in Amercia’s coastal regions.
Bancroft’s Native Races, 1882,
“Mr. Taylor heard from a resident of San Buenaventura that “ in recent stay on Santa Rosa Island, in 1861, he often met with entire skeletons of Indians in the caves. The signs of their rancherias were very frequent, and the remains of metates, mortars, earthen pots, and other utensils, and other utensils very common. Extensive caves were met with which seemed to serve as burial places of the Indians, as entire skeletons and numerous skulls were plentifully scattered about in their recesses.” Some very wonderful skulls are also reported as having been found on the islands, furnished with double teeth all the way round the jaw.”
During the expedition to the interior of Catalina Island, Professor Glidden collected the skeletons of 3,781 ancient inhabitants. The largest he found was a man 9 feet 2 inches tall. Practically all of the male adults were of gigantic stature, averaging around 7 feet in height. More of these giant humans were also found on Santa Rosa Island.
The Catalina Islands are located off of the coast of California where a strange land of dwarf mammoth remains and a race of giants with double rows of teeth have been uncovered. Fire pits were discovered on the island that showed the giant inhabitants were eating the dwarf mammoths.
Similar discoveries have been made the extent of the Pacific coastline.
Kaglan, N.Z., authorities were baffled Monday by the discovery on a lonely beach 30 miles from this north island town, 15 giant human skeletons, buried in wooden coffins. The skeletons are those of men all more than six feet tall, some almost seven feet. Authorities said the remains were not those of Maoris, as several had fair hair (Maoris are dark-haired) and the coffins contained decomposed scissors, knives, pipes, spades and buttons apparently of European origin. Some of the skulls were fractured, suggesting murder, but local Maoris have no record of a massacre in the vicinity. The bodies were wrapped in fine matting and blanket of tartan design.
Archaeologists Excavate Bones of Mastodon, Relics
and Giant Human Nephilim
TUCSON, Ariz., Dec. 1.—W—On the heels of the discovery of remains of what apparently was a race of enormous Nephilim men who once roamed the southwest, there came today another clue of ancient life, unearthed by University of Arizona archaeologists. Returning from a trip to an ancient ruin of a pueblo near Duncan, Arizona.
Dr. Bryan Cummlings and his assistant said they had succeeded In moving another section of recently discovered mastodon.
J. E. Cokor, mining engineer from” Gayopa, Sonora, Mexico, arrived here with information of the a finding of giant human skeletons In a cemetery on a ranch near there. Bit by bit the mastodon Is being unearthed and when the skeleton finally is pieced together, it is expected to stand at least 12 feet high. The pueblo is in the center of the group of prehistoric villages is about 35 miles west of here. The Nephilim skeletons described were discovered during the clearing of land, many of. them average eight feet In length and the heads are unusually large. The bodies had been buried on top of each other and beside them rested crude implements of stone.
Daily News, Goshen, Indiana, Saturday, November 26, 1892
GIANT NEPHILIM SKELETONS FOUND
Anderson, Ind., Nov. 36.—John Beal, a farmer living in the north part of this county, found some giant human skeletons while digging a hole in his field Friday. There were a half dozen skulls of gigantic size. The skeletons were those of men who in their lifetime must have been at least 9 feet in height.
Giant Skeletons Found.
Goshen Daily News, Saturday, November, 26, 1892
ANDERSON, Ind., Nov. 36.—John Beal, a farmer living in the north part of this county, found some giant human skeletons while digging a hole in his field Friday. There were a half dozen skulls of gigantic size. The skeletons were those of men who in their lifetime must have been at least 9 feet in height.
Giant Human remains have been found throughout northern New York. They are found in both burial mounds and in mass graves or ossuaries. There is evidence of a series of conflicts that happened along the southern tier of the Great Lakes.
A search enabled them to come to a pit, but a slight distance from the surface. The top of the pit was covered with slabs of the Medina Sandstone, and was twenty-four feet square by four and a half in depth- the planes agreeing with the four cardinal points. It was filled with human bones of both sexes and all ages. They dug down at one extremity, and found the same layers to extend to the bottom, which was the same dry loam, and from their calculations they deduced that at least four thousand souls had perished one great massacre. In one skull two flint arrowheads were found, and many had the appearance of having been fractured and cleft open by a sudden blow. They were piled in regular layers, but with no regard to size or sex… One hundred and fifty persons a day visited this spot the first season, and carried off the bones. They are now nearly all gone and the pit ploughed over. The remains of a wall were traced near the vault. Some of the bones found in the latter were of unusual size. One of these was a thighbone that had been healed of an oblique fracture. One was the upper half of a skull so large that that of a common man would not fill it.